Acacia, also known as whistling thorn or wattle, is a species for the humid, tropical lowland zones. It is a fast growing tropical hardwood.
In India, mostly two species of Acacia - A. mangium and A. auriculiformis – and their hybrid are grown as commercial Plantations in areas where the rainfall is good (>1000mm/ year).
- Fixes nitrogen, enhances soil fertility
- Excellent source of pulp for the paper industry
- Provides fodder for cattle and wood for fuel and construction
- Acts as a windbreak
- Reduces soil erosion
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